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ANNEX AQ – MICRO-SCALE VALIDATION REPORT TEMPLATE

mardi 1er septembre 2015, par Amadou Rouma BARRY

ANNEX AQ – MICRO-SCALE VALIDATION REPORT TEMPLATE
CONTENTS
A. Brief Project Description
B. Objective Observers’ opinion
C. Details about the site-visit
1. Team on site
2. Period of site-visit
3. People interviewed
4. Means for interviews
D. Stakeholder Consultation Process
1. Evaluation of the Local Stakeholder Consultation Process
2. Evaluation of the Stakeholder Feedback Round
3. Evaluation of the Continuous input / grievance mechanism implemented
E. Evaluation of the risks potentially associated with the project activity
1. ‘Do no harm assessment’
2. Evaluation of the proposed mitigation measures
F. Evaluation of sustainable development related issues potentially associated with the project
activity
1. Environmental issues
2. Social and economic issues
G. Sustainable Development Eligibility criteria for inclusion of a VPA to the PoA
SECTION A. BRIEF PROJECT DESCRIPTION
Please indicate the scheme applicable to the micro-scale activity :
1. Project activity is applying under the micro-scale scheme X
2. Project activity is applying under the micro-programme scheme -
Title of the Activity or VPA : Improved Cook Stoves in Guinea
Discuss the current status of the project activity and what will happen as per the project scenario.
Briefly discuss the technology employed by the project activity.
The table below deals with a short historic of the project, which aims to a better understanding of the
current status of the project activity :
January 2010
February 2010
May 2010
June-July 2010
October 2010
January 2012
March 2012
July 2013
December 2013
February 2014
July 2013-March 2015
November 2014
November 2014
December 2014
January 2015
2015
September 2013 -
March 2015
Radio spots and broadcasts all over Lower Guinea, and one public demonstration broadcast on national
television (Radio Télévision Guinéenne)
Communication and valorization are held about the project towards national ministries (Ministry of
Energy, Environment, Water and Forests) and civil society (NGOs, rural unions, etc.)
A regional forum gathering project proponents, national and local authorities (national departement of
renewable energy, national departement of Water and Forests), production and sales stakeholders
(women ambassadors, craftsmen of the SMEs, ICS owners, ...) takes place in Kindia
End of the pilot phase. Total number of ICS sold in 2528, plus 107 ICS available in the sales points and
150 more in the store room
Prospecting of SMEs interested by the project. First training of 10 SMEs and start of the production in
other Prefectures of Lower Guinea (Sangarédi, Fria, Télimélé et Kindia)
11 new sales points in Lower Guinea open
Research on prototype diversification (clay cookstoves, bigger cookstoves for ceremonies or large
amount of food, etc.)
Partnership agreement about 1000 CBE to be spread in Koundara Prefecture (senegalese boarder) is
signed up with a local organization
40 stores established in Lower Guinea held by 40 women ambassadors
Official lauch of Conakry (capital city) sales area
Start of a framework agreement with Télimélé municipality about the professional craft training
center
As ICS are getting known more and more outside Kindia Prefecture thanks to Rural Radio spots and to
its performance, new sales points open in other Prefectures of Lower Guinea (Télimélé, Forécariah,
Dubreka, Boké)
Beginning of the pilot phase entitled "2500 Improved Cookstoves" (ICS) for the women of Kindia
Prefecture" funded by EU
Official launch of the project through a ceremony of presentation of a prototype
Local stackeholder consultation in Kindia
Sale and distribution of the 20 first ICS in rural and urban areas of Kindia Prefecture
Massive production of ICS really starts. After a long period of running in the production chain reaches
its cruising speed, approximately equal to 250 ICS produced/month, and 200 ICS sold/month
The project is promoted by a Franco-Guinean consortium constituted of three NGOs :
· “Bolivia Inti Sud Soleil” (BISS) is a French NGO working in the field of ecological cooking. Its
main objective is to develop, experiment, exchange and promote renewable energies use in
developing countries. The association work is grounded on two main elements :
development of ecological cooking (especially solar) in the Andes, France and Africa (in total,
more than 20 000 stoves spread throughout the world) ; as well as information diffusion and
experience exchange in France. The activities in Bolivia got registered under the GS process
in September 2011 (Project ID : GS813) and are the stage “listed” in Peru (Project ID : GS814).
· “Coopération Atlantique - Guinée 44” (CAG44) is a French NGO which has been working for
the development of Guinea (and mainly the Prefecture of Kindia) for almost 20 years
through international aid. The main fields of intervention are WASH, agriculture and youth
socio-economic integration, through programs lead in cooperation with local collectivities
and French and Guinean civil society organizations.
· “Association pour la Promotion Economique de Kindia” (APEK) is a Guinean NGO in the field
of rural development, constituted of rural unions. This organization promotes rural
economic development projects and services and support to farmer groupings.

The project is implemented by a local team, mainly constituted of a project manager (CAG44) and
five facilitators and one supervisor (APEK), in charge of ICS promotion covering all Lower Guinea
(one facilitator per area, 5 areas in all).
To do so, they organize public demonstrations in rural village and urban district, showing in practical
terms the efficiency of the ICS. These public events are also the occasion to increase public
awareness on deforestation. Some of these interventions are recorded and broadcasted on the
Kindia Rural Radio (which is listened in the entire region of Lower Guinea).
Popularizers are women members of rural unions in charge of ICS sale. They are trained by the
project on the use of the ICS and made aware of the importance of forest management. In their
zone, they explain how the ICS works and how to use it, and then receive the equivalent of 20% of
the ICS price for each one they sell.
Results achieved as of March 2015
Activities Indicators Timeline
1 meeting with representatives of 11 Kindia Women Farmers Unions January 2010
37 comparative cooking workshops held with more than1300 participants
(mainly women)
From 2010 until 1st
semester 2014
1 university conference in Kindia with more 300 students 24/04/2010
1 local stakeholder consultation with more than 100 participants 10/05/2010
1 contract for service provision with the Kindia Rural Radio to broadcast
various types of programs ; 12 radio statements
April-december 2011
and 2013-2014
ICS users training and
follow-up
114 women ICS users interviewed by the facilitators about their ICS use
and management ; continuous follow-up by the 4 facilitators (APEK)
2010 and 1st semester
2011 ; 2013-2014
5 facilitators recruited, trained and integrated to the APEK team in charge
of rural animation for NRM (Natural Resources Management) awarenessmaking
and ICS promotion
93 "women ambassadors" from 7 Kindia Women Farmers Unions trained
to ecological cooking and sensitized to NRM
135 students of the Kindia PTC are trained on measuring and cutting iron
sheets intended to be assembled into ICS
30 blacksmiths equipped with tools and trained to make ICS
7400 ICS produced of which 3350 sold in the prefectures of Kindia and
Télimélé
10 SMEs (Small and Medium sized Enterprises) specialized in boiler have
been trained and produce ICS in different localities
24 production agreement (various number of devices) have been signed
with these 10 SMEs
34 stores established in Lower Guinea
8 training workshops organized by the "women ambassadors"
Support to Kindia
Region for
decentralization and
local development
Framework agreement with the 10 local governments (1 urban + 9 rural) :
capacity building and local development projects management in the
fields of WASH, Youth, Environment, and intercollectivity
20 years-long experience
ICS promotion and
Natural Ressources
Management
awareness-making
campaigns
Implementation of an
ICS economic network
From 2010 until 2nd
january 2015
Initially sold in a restricted geographical area (the Prefecture of Kindia, around 400 000 inhabitants),
the ICS were progressively spread outside the boundaries of Kindia Prefecture, but still within Lower
Guinea (see map in the PDD). Thanks to advertising spots on Rural Radio and to the good
performances of the ICS, the project records now demands from numerous zones outside the
project boundary (Lower Guinea), such as Conakry and Koundara. For the next years, various
changes will be implemented such as :
- various models of ICS : bigger capacity for ceremonies or large amount of food ; ICS made of iron
and clay
- more sensitization to natural resources management with local communities and schools
- partnership agreement with the Ministry of Energy, Water and Forests, Environment in order to
carry on a national strategy enhancing ICS spreading all over the country.
Description of the technology
External view of an ICS Transversal section of the ICS
The original technology is the “Rocket Stove”, designed by the Aprovecho Research Center (USA),
with whom BISS has established a technical partnership. This model of ICS is proven to have
excellent overall performance and low pollutant emissions1. Nevertheless, the ICS design was
specially adapted to the local conditions : a field study was lead to adapt its dimensions to the pots
1 J.J. Jetter, P. Kariher, Solid Fuel Household Cook Stoves : Characterization of Performance and Emissions,
Washington, D.C. : U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development U.S., Biomass
and Bioenergy 33 (2009) 294–305
used by the beneficiaries on one hand ; and on the other hand to make the ICS easily workable by
the local smiths and compatible with the material available locally. It resulted in the « kolpot
fötönkanté », a light cook stove of simple design ensuring a complete combustion with no visible
smoke and only small amounts of ash.
The ICS are constituted of a bend stovepipe, a grate, a cover equipped with three small blocks, an
outer skin fitted with handles. The ICS serial number is directly engraved on the cover, and all
components are made of iron covered with aluminum paint.
Firewood is introduced in the lower part of the device on a grate that allows air flowing and
preheating inside the stovepipe. Thermal insulation of the combustion chamber located inside the
stovepipe is ensured by ash placed between the stovepipe and the outer skin, associated with an
extra adjustable line. This last piece prevents the wind from dispersing the heat, which is this way
concentrated towards the pot.
Its light weight allow the users to move it easily in function of weather conditions (wind, rain) or
needs (cooking in the fields or at a neighbor’s for example)
SECTION B. OBJECTIVE OBSERVERS’ OPINION
Please provide an opinion as to whether the project activity is in line with The Gold
Standard principles and should be validated.
(To be filled only in the event of the use of an Objective Observer)
SECTION C. DETAILS ABOUT THE SITE-VISIT
(To be filled only in the event of the use of an Objective Observer)
i. Individual or team on site
List Objective Observer(s) that went on site. Provide brief information about his/her
(their) background and relevant skills.
ii. Period of site-visit
Time period during which Objective Observer(s) was (were) on-site.
iii. People interviewed
Provide the list of the individuals interviewed during the site visit and include relevant
information on the group or organisation they represent.
iv. Means for interviews
Describe the means used to interview individuals during site visit ; e.g. one to one
interactions, telephonic conversations, etc.
SECTION D. STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION PROCESS
(To be filled only in the event of the use of an Objective Observer)
D. 1. Evaluation of the Local Stakeholder Consultation Process
Please discuss whether attendance was representative enough (both qualitatively and
quantitatively), whether the comments raised have been answered and addressed
appropriately, and summarise what the main outcomes were.
D. 2. Evaluation of the Stakeholder Feedback Round
Please discuss the comments raised or assess if any open issues raised by the
stakeholders during the LSC have been addressed.
D. 3. Evaluation of the Continuous input / grievance mechanism implemented
Please evaluate whether the approved/selected methods of Continuous Input/Grievance
Mechanism from the LSC report / other consultations have been implemented on site.
For retroactive projects check that appropriate means were used by the PP to reach out
to relevant stakeholders and seek their feedback on the Continuous Input / Grievance
Expression methods as there was no LSC conducted for retroactive projects.
SECTION E. EVALUATION OF THE RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH THE PROJECT ACTIVITY
i. ‘Do no harm’ assessment
[See GS Annex H for guidelines on safeguarding principles]
As shown on the “Do not harm assessment” matrix below, no safeguarding principles are associated
with a medium to high risk :
Safeguarding principles Description of relevance to my project
Assessment of my
project risks
breaching it
(low/medium/high)
Mitigation
measure
1. Human Rights
.
Guinea is legally bounding on :
- United Nations Chart, Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- African Union Chart,
- International Pact on Civil and Political Rights of 1979,
- Convention against torture, and others cruel, inhuman and degrading treatments
of 1989.
Guinea is also parties of Rome’s statue of the International Penal Court.
The project respects internationally
proclaimed human rights including
dignity, cultural property and
uniqueness of indigenous people.
The project is not complicity in
Human Rights abuses.
The project is not complicity in human rights abuses, as the project does not force
people to change cultural habits (cooking habits can remain the same). On the
opposite, women will have increased time availability for other purposes than
cooking and fuel wood collection, which may even lead to better education,
enforcement of gender rights and so on. However, as this may only be an indirect
effect, we judged the aspect to be not relevant to the project.
Participation is entirely voluntary, but at the same time the parties will not exclude
anyone from participation in the project due to any discriminator criteria (gender,
race, religion or sexual orientation for example).
Low
The project does not involve and is
not complicit in involuntary
resettlement.
The project does not lead to resettlement. People are voluntary using the
technology proposed, and no one needs to move.
Low
The project does not involve and is
not complicity in the alteration,
damage or removal of any critical
cultural heritage.
The project does not build facilities at specific sites, but disseminates portable cook
stoves that do not affect any critical cultural heritage as they are used
domestically.
Low
2. Labour Standard
Guinea has ratified several conventions under the ILO Declaration on
Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work :
· convention n° 87 (freedom of association) on January 21, 1959
Low
· convention n° 29 and n° 105 (elimination of forced and compulsory labour)
respectively on January 21, 1959 and July 11, 1961
· conventions n° 182 (worst form of child labour) and n° 138 (minimum age) on
June 6th, 2003.
· conventions n° 100 (equal remuneration) and n° 111 (discrimination in
employment/occupation)
The project respects the employees’
freedom
of association and their right to
collective bargaining and is not
complicit in restrictions of these
freedoms and rights
Every employee of the project is free to associate with whomever he wants and
paid for his/her work ; however, nobody is forced to do anything beyond what’s in
their contracts. Moreover, the project includes a reinforcement of the local
organizations that the project is working with (the “APEK Agriculture” NGO, the
rural peasant organizations, the craftsmen working in the SMEs).
Low
The project does not involve and is
not complicit in any form of forced
or compulsory labour
None of the involved parties are complicit in any form of forced or compulsory
labour.
Low
The project does not employ and is
not complicit in any form of child
labor.
The project does not employ and is not complicit in any form of child labor.
Nonetheless, child labour is common in the country, particularly in the domestic
area. Collecting fuel wood is an activity traditionally done by children.
The project itself is a mitigation measure, as it reduces the households demand for
fuel wood.
Low
The project does not involve and is
not complicit in any form of
discrimination based on gender,
race, religion, sexual orientation or
any other basis.
The project implicates people from diverse communities, religions or gender, and
doing so is reinforcing tolerance and respect values.
Low
The project provides workers with a
safe and healthy work environment
and is not complicit in exposing
workers to unsafe or unhealthy work
The blacksmiths who assemble the cook stoves incur some risks due to a poor work
environment, such as risks of cutting damages from working with metal sheets
during assembly.
Low
The partnership
with the blacksmiths
organization (SMEs
and Professional
environments
Training Center)
includes the
distribution of a tool
box for each worker,
containing safety
gloves among
others.
This parameter is
monitored in the
“qualitative
employment”
indicator
3. Environmental Protection
The project takes a precautionary
approach in regard to environmental
challenges and is not complicity in
practices contrary to the
precautionary principle. This
principle can be defined as : ”When
an activity raises threats of harm to
human health or the environment,
precautionary measures should be
taken even if some cause and effect
relationships are not fully
established scientifically.”
No harmful effects are resulting from the use and fabrication of the cook stove. On
the contrary, the risk of cardio-vascular diseases due to exposure to smoke during
cooking should reduce thanks to the use of economic cook stoves. Also, the project
is indirectly fighting against deforestation and its harmful effects on the
environment.
Low
The project does not involve and is
not complicity in significant
conversion or degradation of critical
natural habitats, including those that
are (a) legally protected, (b) officially
proposed for protection, (c)
identified by authoritative sources
for their high conservation value or
(d) recognized as protected by
traditional local communities
Illegal harvest of non-timber outputs, including fuel wood, is very high within the
entire country. To change the supply chain for fuel wood sourcing is beyond the
scope of the project. Consequently, illegal sourcing may continue even with the
project, but hopefully to a lower content.
Low
The ICS only use
small sticks, which
can also be made
out of dead wood.
Hence, in addition
to the reduced
demand, the
pressure on natural
habitats can
be further reduced.
ii. Evaluation of mitigation or compensation measures proposed by project proponents
Mitigation measure Comments
4. Anti Corruption
The project does not involve and is
not complicit in corruption.
As corruption is a widespread phenomenon in Guinea. It can occur that project
workers and/or stakeholders may face this issue.
Low
It is included in the
project policy not to
complicit in
corruption.
Obstacles and
delays that might
occur are taken into
account
SECTION F. EVALUATION OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RELATED ISSUES
POTENTIALLY ASSOCIATED WITH THE PROJECT ACTIVITY
[See GS Annex I]
i. Environmental issues
Does the implementation of the project activity contribute to any negative
environmental impacts, (e.g. on air quality, water quality and/or quantity, soil condition,
biodiversity or any other pollutant) compared with the baseline situation (i.e. current
situation or most likely situation in the absence of the project activity) ?
The project aims at fighting against deforestation and its harmful consequences through
the reduction of woodfuel consumption. Kitchen Tests showed that the use of one cook
stove could save 4,5 kg/day/household, it is to say around 4,5 Twood on its lifecycle.
Thus, the project activity is expected to have the following positive impacts on the
environment.
· Air quality : Reduction of GHG, small particles and other pollutants emissions
through an efficient combustion of the fuel wood ensured by the cook stove
design
· Water quality and quantity : Protection of water resources through decreased
deforestation
· Soil condition : Decrease in soil erosion through decreased deforestation
· Biodiversity : Preservation of local ecosystems and biodiversity by reducing
deforestation
ii. Social and economic issues
Does the implementation of the project lead to any negative social and economic impacts e.g. was
there any deterioration of livelihoods, or reduction in the quality and quantity of employment,
compared with the baseline situation (i.e. current situation or most likely situation in the absence of
the project activity) ?
Compared to baseline situation (no project), the project activity does not lead to any negative social or
economic impacts, as explained below :
· Quality of employment : The project generates local qualified employment as ICS are entirely
made locally by blacksmiths and students of Kindia Center of Professional Training. They all have
the full information to make ICS on their own and are encouraged to do so.
· Livelihood of the poor : Reduction of household expenses and/or of time spent to purchase fuel
wood through decreased households’ fuel wood consumption. Improvement of the beneficiaries’
health due to reduced Indoor Air Pollution
· Access to clean and affordable energy services : Affordable efficient and clean cook stoves are
made available
· Human and institutional capacity : The beneficiaries are provided with information regarding
natural resources management through radio programs and during the public demonstrations in
villages. Institutional capacity building is implemented through both the day-to-day work with the
partners and the training courses provided to the local staff (e.g. in stock management or rural
groups organization)
· Quantitative employment and income generation : The project generates income at each stage
of its implementation as well as various full-time jobs.
· Technology transfer and technological self-reliance : training to ICS use is given to all end-users
by the facilitators and popularizers.
iii. Sustainability Monitoring Plan
[See Toolkit section 2.4.3 and Annex I]
No 1
Indicator Quality of employment
Mitigation measure N/A
Chosen parameter
Number of training courses provided to local staff (including
participation to internal and external conferences,
workshops, …)
Current situation of parameter
3 days of training received by the 5 facilitators at the
beginning of the project
Estimation of baseline situation of
parameter
0 (no project means no trainings)
Future project target for parameter
Trainings depend on the implementation schedule and are to
be decided on a case by case basis, thus future target of
parameter is unknown.
Way of monitoring
How
Number of hours local staff receive capacity building or skill
training, description of training content, certificates where
available.
When Yearly
By who Project manager (CAG44)
No 2
Indicator Livelihood of the poor
Mitigation measure N/A
Chosen parameter
1. Amount of money saved monthly per household for the
purchase of fuel wood and charcoal
2. Time saved per household and per month for the
purchase of fuel wood and charcoal
Current situation of parameter
ICS users who pay for their wood save around half of their
wood fuel budget, and those who collect it in the bush spend
less time for this task with the ICS
Estimation of baseline situation of
parameter
0
Future project target for parameter
Reduced expenses (in money and time) for the procurement
of wood as compared to baseline
Way of monitoring
How Field surveys
When Yearly
By who Project manager (CAG44)
No 3
Indicator Access to affordable and clean energy services
Mitigation measure N/A
Chosen parameter Number of cook stoves sold
Current situation of parameter 4355 ICS sold as of February 2015
Estimation of baseline situation of
parameter
0 (baseline = no project = no cook stoves)
Future project target for parameter 12 000 in December 2015
Way of monitoring
How Sales record
When Monthly
By who Project manager (CAG44)
No 4
Indicator Human and institutional capacity
Mitigation measure N/A
Chosen parameter
1. Number of public demonstrations and corresponding
number of participants
2. Number of radio programs tackling environmental
education funded by the project
3. Number of women trained to be popularizers
4. Number of ICS owner trained to its use
Current situation of parameter
1. In total, 65 events took place from the beginning of
the project, with 5000 participants counted ;
2. Around 64 advertising spots and news releases plus
30 programs of a duration from 3 to 45 minutes
3. 100 women trained to be popularizers
4. 4000 women trained to ICS use as of March 2015
Estimation of baseline situation of
parameter
1. No public demonstrations
2. No radio programs paid by the project
3. No women trained
4. No ICS owners
Future project target for parameter
For the three first parameters, there are no specific
objectives, as they are only a mean to expand the
communication of the project
4. 9000 women are expected to be trained to ICS use by
December, 2015
Way of monitoring
How Records from APEK and CAG44
When Yearly
By who Project manager (CAG44)
No 5
Indicator Quantitative employment and income generation
Mitigation measure N/A
Chosen parameter
1. Amount of money paid to local stakeholders (SMEs,
blacksmiths, women ambassadors)
2. Number of local full-time jobs created by the project
Current situation of parameter
1. 1500 € paid to the Professional Training Center, 8275€
paid to the popularizers and 149 230 € paid to the
blacksmiths as of February, 2015
2. The project team is constituted of 7 full-time jobs, plus
part-time jobs for quality checking, distribution,
production and administrative support.
Estimation of baseline situation of
parameter
1. No income generated by the project
2. No jobs created by the project
Future project target for parameter
As the project expands, the team is expected to grow the
same, as well as the amount of money paid to the local
stakeholders.
Way of monitoring
How CAG44 records
When Yearly
By who Project manager (CAG44)
No 6
Indicator Technology transfer and technological self-reliance
Mitigation measure N/A
Chosen parameter
1. Number of training sessions provided to local staff to
build and maintain the ICS
2. Number of blacksmiths able to make and maintain the
ICS
Current situation of parameter
1. 10 SMEs trained to standard ICS production
2. 80 blacksmith apprentices trained to standard ICS
production
Estimation of baseline situation of
parameter
No project means no trainings and no blacksmiths able to
build and maintain the ICS
Future project target for parameter As many as ICS sold
Way of monitoring
How CAG44 records
When Yearly
By who Project manager (CAG44)
SECTION G. Sustainable Development eligibility criteria for inclusion of a VPA to the PoA
(This section is applicable for micro-programme scheme only)
Please discuss the compliance of the SD eligibility criteria for inclusion of the VPA as per
the registered micro-programme.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST DECLARATION
(To be filled only in the event of the use of an Objective Observer)
I, [insert full name], aged [insert age] years, residing at [insert full home address], and working for
[insert company name], which is located at [insert company headquarters address], having been
selected to serve as an Objective Observer on behalf of The Gold Standard Foundation, hereby certify
and declare as follows :
Neither I nor anyone else having influence over me has an interest with any person or in any firm,
corporation or other business entity that is involved in the assessed project activity “GS ” nor
have I participated, directly or indirectly, by committee or as a consultant, advisor, employee, officer,
director, agent, trustee, or otherwise, in the development, implementation, or administration of GS
. I further certify and declare that in no way do I have a bias in favor or against any
person, firm, corporation or business entity involved with GS , and I understand that such
bias would disqualify me as an Objective Observer. If at any time during the evaluation process I should
become aware of any interest or bias, I will report it immediately to The Gold Standard Foundation.
For purposes of this declaration, I understand “interest” to include any consideration or other thing of
economic value, including future consideration.
Name :
Signed this day of Year

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